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Flu

FluFlu

 

Media Kit for Flu

Dr. Rizal Alberto B. Nolido, Jr.
Chairman, Council on Pulmonary Infections
Philippine College of Chest Physicians

 

What is flu?

Flu is the commonly used name of Influenza. It is a contagious viral infection caused by Influenza A or B virus.

The flu virus infects the upper and lower respiratory tract such as the nose, throat and sometimes your lungs.
 

What is the difference between common cough and colds? And the flu?

Both are contagious viral infections of the respiratory tract. Symptoms may be similar, but the most common are, sore throat, nasal discharge, cough, and headache.

Flu differs from a cold as symptoms such as fever, sore throat, muscle aches and easy fatigability develop suddenly and may last about a week. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times, especially in the elderly, complications for flu can lead to life threatening pneumonia and bronchitis which require hospitalization. Sometimes these complications can lead to death.
 

How is flu transmitted?

It is spread from person to person through respiratory secretions.

The virus mainly spreads from person to person through the air by coughing, sneezing or talking. This can also spread by touching a contaminated person’s hands, surface or object.
 

Who are at risk for flu?

Flu is highly contagious such that everybody, even the healthy individuals who are exposed to it, are at risk.

Since it is usually spread through large groups who spend time in close contact with others, settings such as schools, day care centers, nursing care and long-term health care facilities, school age children, teachers, health care associates and providers may be at risk.

Smokers are at greater risk of getting the flu compared to non-smokers.

The elderly and immunocompromised patients are at risk of having pneumonia after getting the flu.

Healthy individuals who have contracted the flu virus may be absent at work/school and can transmit to others.
 

What will happen if one gets the flu? Complications? Expenses?

Patients who get the flu may be unable to conduct his regular activities of daily living and may be bed ridden for several days because of the constitutional symptoms that go with it. The most dreaded scenario would include complications of the flu leading to hospitalization, such as severe pneumonia, which usually affects the elderly and even death.

Getting the flu may have cost implications and may be expensive. There may be expenses for unexpected doctor’s clinic or emergency room visits. In severe situations, where complications arise, hospitalization, antibiotics and measures to stabilize the other co-morbidities will impact on increased health care costs. There may also be increased expenses, in an indirect way, as when one has the flu, he or she may be absent from work for several days. This may affect both personal and company expenses.
 

Can flu be treated? Prevented?

Supportive and symptomatic treatment is the main approach in treating the flu. You give nasal decongestants and antipyretics such as paracetamol for symptom treatment. Bed rest and increased fluid intake are recommended for supportive treatment.
A yearly flu vaccination is still the best protection currently available against the flu.
Proper hand washing, cough etiquette and isolation of the sick are important in preventing its spread.
 

Who should get the vaccine?

Flu vaccination is recommended to patients 60 years old and above and patients above 6 years old with chronic conditions such as:

  • lung disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diasease (COPD), bronchiectasis
  • smokers
  • metabolic diseases
  • diabetes mellitus and other endocrine disorders
  • cardiac diseases
  • liver diseases
  • kidney diseases
  • hematologic diseases
  • brain, spinal cord injury or trauma, and epilepsy
  • cancer and other condiitons which would weaken the immune system

For immunocompetent patients, flu vaccine can be given if they want to prevent loss of work or school days during the flu season.
 

When is the best time to get the flu shot?

It is recommended in the Philippines to get flu shots before the rainy season which also marks the start of the flu season.
 

Why is the vaccine given every year?

It is given every year because the strain of the influenza virus continually changes and varies every year. So the vaccine manufactured every year is dependent on the influenza virus strain. Immunity provided by the vaccine does not last. It is therefore important that people at risk get vaccinated every year.

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All About COPD

Media Kit for COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Dr. Tim Trinidad
Chairman, Council on COPD and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
 

What is COPD?

  • COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The disease starts when harmful gases are inhaled and damage the lung’s airways and air sacs. These harmful gases maybe in the form of cigarette smoke, bio mass fuel (such as charcoal or firewood), air pollution and occupational dust. The damages in the lungs cause symptoms of breathlessness, cough and phlegm production.
  • There is a critical time of exposure before the damage starts.
  • It is never too late to quit smoking.
  • It is never too late to stop using firewood or charcoal in cooking.

 

What is the natural course of the disease?

  • The damage is usually slow and progressive. Lung function has a large reserve and therefore a patient may not feel anything until 20 to 50% of the lungs are damaged. The early stages of COPD are often unrecognized, in part because many individuals discount symptoms such as breathlessness, chronic cough and bringing up phlegm as a normal part of getting older or an expected consequence of cigarette smoking.
  • One-quarter to one-half of people with COPD do not know they have it. Finding COPD early gives the best chance to prevent further lung damage.
  • In people at risk for COPD, a simple, painless test called lung function testing (spirometry) can help diagnose the disease.
  • It is never to have a lung function test done.

 

Is COPD treatable?

  • COPD is a treatable disease.
  • It is never too late for a patient to seek medical consultation.
  • Pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies are available to help people at all stages of disease feel better and live a more active life.
  • Pharmacological treatment includes drugs that dilates the airways (bronchodilators) and prevents further lung damage (anti-inflammatory drugs). These drugs if taken religiously are effective.
  • It is never too late to religious follow the prescription of your COPD doctor.
  • Non-pharmacological therapies include the following
    • Smoking cessation or continued noxious gas exposure prevention,
    • Vaccination against flu and pneumonia
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation is one of the most effective treatments for a COPD patient. It involves patient going to the pulmonary rehab center wherein they exercise, gets education, advises and social support on how to cope up with disease and live a happy life.
  • It is never too late for a COPD patient to enroll in a pulmonary rehabilitation program.
  • Information for access to a pulmonary rehabilitation program can be obtained from the PCCP website.

 

What is the burden of COPD in our country?

  • COPD is a highly prevalent in our country. Roughly, 14 to 20 % of our compatriots in the urban and rural area respectively have COPD.
  • COPD has a large impact on quality of life for patients and their families, and kills millions of people worldwide.
  • It is never too late to stop smoking,
  • It is never too late to have a lung function test done.
  • It is never too late to religious follow the prescription of your COPD doctor.
  • It is never too late to enroll in a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

 

What is World COPD Day?

  • World COPD Day will be held on November 20. The event is organized to raise awareness about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • The theme of this year’s World COPD Day is “It’s not too late.” This positive message emphasizes the meaningful actions people can take to improve their respiratory health, at any stage before or after a COPD diagnosis.
  • Example of activities that will be conducted by the PCCP accredited institutions and chapters are the following:
    • Public Service Announcements, posters, billboards, stickers, newspaper articles, and radio advertisements highlighting the theme of World COPD Day 2013
    • Demonstrations of spirometry and free spirometry screening clinics
    • World COPD Day walks, runs, and swims involving participants with COPD and their family and friends
    • Exercise classes, dance performances, coping skills workshops, and support group sessions to help COPD patients live active, fuller lives
    • Clinics and health fairs to bring attention to COPD and provide information about good COPD care
    • Seminars for physicians, nurses, and other healthcare providers on the latest international guidelines for COPD diagnosis and treatment

X Factor Fellowship Night

Einvite for PCCP Fellowship Night

Stars will shine bright at this year’s fellowship night as we cap off the 16th PCCP National Convention with the very first “PCCP Pulmonary X-Factor” competition. Our very own doctors will showcase their talents beyond the white coat and stethoscope on-stage on July 26, 2013 at the Grand Ballroom of Pryce Plaza Hotel, Cagayan De Oro City. They will perform in front of a panel of distinguished judges that includes celebrity guest judge KZ Tandingan, the very first X-Factor Philippines grand winner. The event will be hosted by celebrity comedienne K Brosas who will fill the evening with laughter and entertainment as we witness our fellow physicians tear up the dance floor and sing their lungs out and compete for the cash prize and the title of being the first PCCP Pulmonary X-Factor Grand Winner.

Do you have what it takes to be the first “PCCP Pulmonary X-Factor” grand winner? Step up and show us what you got. It is your time to shine! Contact us now:

Dr. Irenee Faustina J. Casiño
or
Nina Millicent F. Abucejo

PCCP Northern Mindanao Chapter
Cagayan de Oro Sleep and Snore Center, Inc.
Rm. 247, 2nd fl., Polymedic Medical Plaza
Kauswagan Highway, Cagayan de Oro City
(088/08822) 858-5858 local 2247
Dr. Casiño: 0917-7925606 (PCCP-NMC Socials Committee Chairman)
Ms. Abucejo: 0915-8362265 (PCCP-NMC Secretary)

Bragging rights are at stake so come and support your favorite chapter. Dinner will start at 7:00 in the evening, and the competition will begin at 7:30 sharp.

Value of Volunteerism

Value of Volunteerism

Value of VolunteerismValue of Volunteerismsurvey

 

As part of our strategy to be able to reach a significant rise in ACTIVE members by 20% per year, may we invite our members to become more ACTIVE, PARTICIPATIVE and COMMITTED to the society.   Meetings and activities may not necessarily require you to be physically present, we can utilize internet communications like email, forum or video-conference.   Kindly fill up the survey below.  It will only take a few minutes of your time.

Thank you for helping us achieve our desired vision for 100% FULL and SUSTAINED INVOLVEMENT of our general membership.


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asthma

World Asthma Day 2013

 

AdvocacyAdvocacy#

 

May 7, 2013. The Philippine College of Chest Physicians through the Council on Asthma celebrated World Asthma Day (WAD), an annual event organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) to improve asthma awareness and care around the world. The theme is “You Can Control Your Asthma … It’s Time To ACT”. As in the previous years, 2013’s World Asthma Day coincides with the Philippine College of Physicians (PCP) Annual Convention. As most PCCP members were attending the convention, we deemed it an opportune occasion to celebrate WAD with and promote asthma awareness to our fellow internists.
 

Asthma Trivia